How to train waterfall – selection and installation of drainage system for roof


Quickly build a roof over the house – this is not whether each individual seeks developer? But here’s the roof ready, and it falls upon the first downpour. After inspection of the walls and the cap, pretty limp filaments as a result of falls from the roof, it is clear: without gutter system can not do.

Protect the building from falling from the roof of the water necessary for several reasons. Firstly, in the rain with wind moisture invariably falls on the fronts (even those given by 500 mm and more cornices under such weather conditions did not help). And as you know, the liquid has a devastating impact on the majority of building materials – brick, wood, concrete, cement plaster. In addition, soaked walls lose some of their thermal insulation properties. Secondly, it is fraught with unpleasant consequences of excessive moisture plinth and foundation – that they receive most of the water from the roof, hitting the blind area and penetrate under it, in sand-gravel bed. As a result, the service life of the foundation, and with it, and the whole building is reduced. Finally, the moisture seeps into basements or underground, causing rotting floor constructions and deteriorating climate in the house.

chute  Note also that the water drainage system is not only functional but also decorative element    of the building, greatly affecting its architectural appearance. About what options offer    modern manufacturers than to guide the choice of drainage system as competently its design  and install, we describe in this article.













Winter extreme
In winter, the water drainage system at increased loads. Serious test for it is snowballing snowmelt from the roof, gutters inevitable filling ice (moisture that forms when snow melts on the roof, falling into the trough, there freezes layer by layer), icicles, causing uneven load on the gutter. A radical solution may be the installation of anti-icing system – heating cables along the edge of the roof, gutters and downpipes. However, it is not cheap and also requires energy during operation. As a rule, to prevent damage to gutters with ice and snow, enough, first, properly insulate the roof, ventilate the roof space; Secondly, locate fasteners gutters and pipes in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. For protection from avalanches with a metal roof makes sense also set on the edges of skates snow stop bumpers.











foundation drill

Building a concrete block house by your own hands. Traditional methods

Dreamed of building a comfortable country house for the whole family, but do not let finances? Do not hurry to part with a dream. Build a foundation and a box without spending a fortune, now you can own, using the technology of the individual building. We will understand the intricacies and details of this “popular method” – “Individual construction technology” method (ICT)

The technology is the possibility of low-cost and environmentally friendly self build box house: the foundation and the walls on any grounds, including heaving and non-cohesive (except silt). All work can be performed independently, ie without the involvement of workers and construction equipment, using special equipment: drill and formwork.

Construction of foundations for this technology involves installation of pile-tape (pile-rostverkovogo) grounds. Designed specifically for the technology foundation to manually drill to drill in a ground depression (3 m) under the future pile. Its design provides for a plow, by means of which operate in the borehole bottom extension (600 mm) to form the heel support post foundation.

Before the foundation of the device calculates the required depth of the piles, their width, pitch and location under the internal load-bearing walls and houses, as well as the height and width of the grillage. Construction experience shows that to ensure the necessary strength enough step pillars 1.5-2 m below the external and 1.2-1.5 m below the interior walls and pile cap height of 200-600 mm. More accurate parameters should identify experts architectural office based story structure, soil type, wall construction material and other individual criteria.

The bearing capacity of a pile depends on the diameter of the sole and the soil type. For example, one column with 400 mm extension, set in loam, capable of withstanding a load of 7.5 tonnes.

Not to get piles ruptured  from frost heave and ground motionst (ie, separation of the main pillars of the heel), metal bar reinforcement IS HIGHLY NEEDED !.

For this purpose, the rebar diameter of 10-12 mm, a bent-shaped hole U. In the two brackets mounted perpendicular to each other (cross-wise) so that their upper parts project from the base of the column to the grillage height that will tightly bind its foundation with reinforcement. Apart from any use permitted rods steel lengthy material: squares, iron strips, folded net. It is important that the metal was clean, as rust, dirt or paint will prevent tight adhesion with the concrete.


After completing reinforcement wells, start pouring concrete. From the quality of the solution depends on the reliability and durability of the foundation and structure of the whole. Here you can use a lot of options for concrete composition. Take one of these: cement grade 400 – part 1; water – about 0.7 parts; building sand river – 2 parts; gravel or macadam – 2 parts. Since ICT – inexpensive construction technology, it is usually the owners in order to save themselves prepare concrete solution, but if resources permit, it is better to order ready-mix at the building site – this will significantly shorten the construction of the foundation.

Concrete in the hole lay gradually layers in the 150-200 mm, sealing each by bayoneting, i.e ramming made using special spit or thin rod. After filling the hole expansion in a cylindrical part mounted “shirt” – a tube of rolled roofing material and equal to the width of the support pillars – and is filled with a solution. This allows you to create a smooth surface of the pile, waterproofed it and prevent leakage of scum in the ground. “Shirt” let out at 150-200 mm for forming the formwork ground part of the pile.

Building a basement

Using formwork,  you can build and basement walls. To do this, departing from the piles of not less than 1 m, produce and perform excavation masonry walling module  is similar to the external masonry partitions.
The walls of the basement in a heaving soils will experience strong buoyancy effect, so every fourth well honeycombed walls lay the rebar diameter of 12 mm (four rods) and poured concrete, forming a powerful vertical reinforced concrete beams. Opposite walls of the basement top tightly bind floor slab, and bottom – a monolithic screed.
After hardening of the concrete pillars supporting all necessarily waterproofing – coated with bitumen mastic, and top veiled glassine or any bitumen rolled material.


For a uniform load on the foundation pile grillage combined. First house on the perimeter between the supporting pillars flush them perform podsypku sand, then construct her shuttering of wooden planks height of 300-600 mm and a width equal to the thickness of the walls of the future, taking into account insulation and facade decoration. Bottom waterproofing glassine or roofing material to avoid seepage of concrete jelly in the sand. Then stack of reinforcement bars (10-14 mm), connecting them with the reinforcement piles. This will prevent the horizontal shift of the foundation. After the formwork serves first batch of concrete and his bayonet. On grouted stack top layer of reinforcement and the mixture is poured to the calculated level. In the volume of concrete grillage can lay brick and concrete battle, as the requirements for frost to be met by this design, significantly lower than that of the foundation pillars that are moist.





After solidification of the grillage produce stripping removed sand underpowdering and proceed to build the walls of the blocks, forming them in place using prefabricated modules TISE. They are available in three versions: TISE-1 is used for laying of internal partition thickness of 190 mm, TISE-2 is used for the construction of both internal and external walls are 250mm thick TISE-3 – only for load-bearing structures in the 380 mm. Each module consists of a form of two removable blockout, pins and other additional equipment.

To create the blocks used solution sand, cement M400 and a small amount of water, in a ratio of 3: 1: 0.5. This semi-dry mixture allows for stripping immediately after molding “bricks”. Module TISE set at the beginning of the series and in two steps lay in his prepared solution with layer seal rammer until laitance, then remove the formwork and placing it next to the finished block form New. Wall build in layers. Each subsequent row is laid up on the previous one and without underlying solution.

Important quality modules TISE – they dampen seismic and vibrotolchki. Blocks TISE indispensable in the construction of buildings along roads, flyovers and railways, as it does not transmit vibration loads.
When forming units prepare holes for ventilation, electrical wiring or slots under the beam. For this purpose, the module is inserted into special inserts, which are removed together with the stripping. After placing a number of 5-10 “bricks” seams between them overwritten concrete and sand mix solution. Every four or five rows of masonry reinforcement performed using welded mesh or rods with a diameter of 5-6 mm.

The walls are lined up on technology ICT, insulated foam boards, polystyrene or mineral wool or fill internal voids shaped blocks of insulating materials (foam chippings, concrete block, etc.).

To avoid thermal bridges sometimes produce masonry walls in two rows, using formwork ICT-1. The space between the baffles also fill insulation.


As you can see, to build the foundation and walls on ICT own, without the involvement of workers and special equipment is quite possible. This will require only the time (at least two to three months) and strength. But is economically justified such construction? If we count only the cost of building materials (concrete mix, rebar, formwork boards,ICT equipment ) necessary for the foundation and walls of the two-storey house 6 × 8 m, then they will be about 200-250 thousand. Rub. The price of one unit ICT – $ 2., In principle, comparable to the cost of foam blocks ($ 2-4.), So in terms of man-hours to build a more profitable building envelope of cellular concrete. Another question – the reliability of the walls of these porous materials. Apparatus foundation for this technology would cost significantly smaller amount compared to the base of the finished screw piles, so in this case ICT itself justifies.

Happy building !

foreman works


How to correctly make alterations? How to combine the beauty and convenience in a small room? What materials and furniture will help to visually expand the space? What can save the repair, and thus require special attention? Answers to these and many other questions you can get in this section.

Rustic Coffee Table Trunk Style with Storage design

Trunk Coffee Table Provides More Place for Storage

traditional Black Trunk Coffee Table

Trunk coffee table is a great choice to represent your unique and creative personality. It is about your personal taste and statement to show your concern about designing place for coffee table. Whether you work as an artist or lover of artistic works, you will be able to show if off though your best spot in the house. This is the place that you can use to blow up your creativity with the presence of trunk table for coffee. Commonly, it will be closely related to vintage and industrial room style. This is already such a unique appearance for interior decoration. Therefore, if you interested in placing unique decoration for the room, you will be easily choose trunk to represent the mood and atmosphere in the room. This is actually can be very proper to be the part of small room space and will be very tricky. The domination of this unique style will stole people attention right after they are entering the room. So, they would not realize about your room small space and put their attention into your room decoration.

Further, trunk coffee table is very identical with pirate or treasure. It is shown by big storage right under the countertop table. Therefore, you can add some supporting element to make the room looks more dramatic. There is also the help of lighting will be great point to make the room more magical.

Wooden Trunk Coffee Table

english square brass and glass coffee table

Brass Coffee Table in Antique Accent with Glass Countertop

english square brass and glass coffee table
Brass coffee table is the same as other material for legs and table frames. This table shows dominantly antique accent for the room. There are plenty of different designs that you find form people ideas about decorating their room with brass material. If you are thinking about classic brass coffee table with glass, you will find familiar accent about elegant looking whether using rough or clean lovely line. There is an idea if you want to bring more decorative accent you may decide great deal of inscription or chiseling in it. If you want to get lower price of great brass quality, you can go for secondhand grass table for coffee. Choose from the best place you found from internet or certain place near your home. From there, you could get many of interesting brass table with lower price with genuine brass frame without such broken or damage table is sold.

As you combine it with glass on the countertop, you can highly make this furniture in clean and sleek look. It is the characteristic of glass which give the room with interesting look when it bounces the light though the room. Moreover, you do not need to worry about the maintaining process because you will find it easy to deal with glass material as the main countertop of the table.

brass glass rectangular coffee table

Modern glass top coffee tables

Glass Top Coffee Tables for Houses, Offices and Commercial Institutions

Diy Glass Top Coffee Tables

Glass top coffee tables might be the most popular and easy item to get. This design commonly put dominant type for modern style of building. The eye catching design of glass top table becomes the main point why people like to present this king of table. Whether for the part of house, offices, coffee shops, boutique shops, etc this table will be appropriate and actually become prior option. Glass top tables for coffee are very functional furniture. Since this material will be able to reflect light, it also will be able to make the room looks larger. Therefore, this table will be appropriate for room with small space in it. From simple design till the most complicated design will be available at the market. Many designers compete to get their design accepted in industry.

With mix of wood and stainless steel, this glass top coffee table will appear more attractive. The presence of other material makes it far away from flat look. Besides, it is also reducing the risk of crack or might be breaking up into pieces from many different people that use it. To put drinks and snacks, till glass top will be easier to be clean. Only wipe it up with certain cleaner, fingerprints, crumbs, water spills will be cleaned and nonexistent very quickly.


kansas black coffee table

Black Coffee Tables Seem More Elegance inside the Room

black coffee table with lift top

Black coffee tables might have the same design as other color furniture. It can be in brown, white, natural color, etc. But, there is the power of black color inside the room. You might have white and other bright color to decorate your room space, but there is strong and powerful statement if you choose black coffee table as the main point inside your room. As we know that black color is close with mysterious item, it would be the same feeling and atmosphere that you get by choosing black for coffee table. Most of people like to have black because they will have more space and chance to choose many different furniture possibilities to be combined with black color. It might be one of the right reasons to choose black as the main point inside the room and mix it with certain other interesting furniture.

Further, from woods, glass, marble and also combine with steel are some material variants that you can find if you deal with black coffee table. It is certainly no difference among other table colors because they also have similar material. Furthermore, it might be important to know what you need to fulfill your desire about finding attractive and also functional furniture for your interior furniture.

Black Coffee Table With contemporary design

metal reclaimed wood coffee table square

Reclaimed Wood Coffee Table for Unique Look of Room Statement

Hand Made Coffee Table with storage

Reclaimed wood coffee table is popular as unique design for the part of the room. It mostly shows rustic style on the surface of the table for more aesthetic look. It mean that different look of this design also will give different function for the table. There are some tips that you can find while planning to get reclaimed wood coffee as the main part of your home design. First, measure your room space to get the fit size of reclaimed table. You can also consider where is the most appropriate spot inside the room to be placed with this coffee table. Make sure that this table will be functional for gathering spot and will be enough to invite your friends and guests as you want it to be. You can choose between standard size, medium or large size depends on the room space and the need.

In addition, there is other thing that you should notice about reclaimed coffee table. Make sure that the design is quite interesting to be the central part inside the room. It can be from unique design and color as the part of your personal taste and statement. The price is not always high for this kind of suitable item for the room, therefore you need to know the exact design which will be great to be place inside your room.


metal reclaimed wood coffee table square